The bushes used in this painting are Winsor & Newton Cotman brushes and I used 4 in this painting.
1 1/2 inch flat wash brush, 3/4 inch flat wash brush, Number 8 Round and Number 2 Rigger. The paints I used were Winsor & Newton Artists Quality Watercolours. Ultramarine Blue, Yellow Ochre, Burnt Sienna, Raw Umber, Hookers Green, Light Red and Alizarin Crimson. I also used a colour by the SAA called Sand Stone. I used Winsor & Newton Artists Watercolour Paper, 140lbs and simply taped it, on all edges, to a board. Click here if you would like to purchase any of these items at a discounted price.
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To finish this painting simply do the tree to the left hand side using the technique you used for all the other trees, except this time use your 3/4 inch flat wash brush on its side. For the grass to the left start by filling in with Yellow Ochre, followed by a mix of Hookers Green and Yellow Ochre then followed by Ultramarine Blue here and there making sure you edge your river. Fill the small boat and the small wooden dock with mixture of Light Red and Raw Umber. The tree trunks are done with Raw Umber and Previously mixed Black and its all done. Take off your tape to reveal a nice straight border.
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Quite a complex drawing this time so Ive done it in 2 sections. Again it is still simple outlines, shading and window details are added with the paint. Here you can see mostly the castle and some of the foreground has been done. Zoom in on the picture and draw in sections, if you look at the drawing as a whole it can be quite daunting.
In this image you can see that Ive finished the lower part of the castle and put in the remainder of the foreground. Again, attack it in sections and break it down to bitesize chunks.
For my sky, I pre-wet the entire area using my 1 1/2 inch flat wash brush, put plenty of Ultramarine Blue in the sky as it will always dry lighter than when you put it on. Wash out your brush, squeeze out excess water and suck out some clouds. The best technique is to drag the brush on its side twisting it now and again, don't stab at the page.
For the distant trees I used my Number 8 Round Brush. Simply split the brush in your palette and stipple on well watered Yellow Ochre to the tops and the left of the trees. The light is coming from the left in this painting but you can put it from the right if you wish. Using the same brush stipple in a mix of Hookers Green and Yellow Ochre, also well watered, being careful to go around the castle. Whilst all still wet stipple in Ultramarine Blue to the right and bottom of the trees, again being careful around the castle. Its important to put the blue to the base of the trees as this will push the trees behind the castle.
Once the trees are dry its time to put the wash on the castle. Simply fill the area with Charles Evans Sand, using the 3/4 inch wash brush, and blob on Yellow Ochre, here and there, followed by Raw Umber, Light Red and Ultramarine Blue. Using a clean damp brush merge these colours together. Make sure you put this colour where your trees are going so when you leave gaps you can see the castle colour through the trees as opposed to white paper.
When the wash on the castle is dry, its time to add some details. For the windows I used my Number 8 Round Brush and my Number 2 Rigger for the smaller windows. I mixed black using Ultramarine Blue and Burnt Sienna and filled in the windows as you can see in this picture.
It looks like a lot has been done since the last picture but all I have done is added a little shadow to define the building. Shadows were done using my Number 8 Round Brush and a mix of Ultramarine Blue, Alizarin Crimson and a touch of Burnt Sienna. The light is coming from the left so shadows must be on the right. The only place where the shadow is on the left is in a recession. For the windows, the shadow is to the top and left, for the battlements the shadow is to the bottom and left but for the building itself the shadow is to the right. To make a building look round simply put the shadow on the right of the tower and using a clean damp brush drag the shadow around softening it in.
Now for the reflection in the river. Simply mix Charles Evans Sand, Yellow Ochre and Raw Umber, using the 3/4 inch flat wash brush stroke this colour in the water area leaving a few gaps here and there. Using a mix of Hookers Green and Yellow Ochre put the reflections of the greenery followed by Ultramarine Blue to define the reflected trees. For the window reflection simply use the black mixed earlier but much more watered down. The water must dry completely before going over with the final wash.
While the reflections are drying you can move around the painting. Here you can see that I have got some trees in. For the trees its the same technique as the distant trees except the Hookers Green is mixed with Burnt Sienna this time. Don't forget to add your Ultramarine Blue to add definition and shadow. For the branches of the tree to the right simply scrape out with your nail while wet and use Raw Umber to the left of the trunk and Ultramarine Blue and Burnt Sienna mix to the right. It looks like there are several different shades of green, you can achieve this by mixing the paint in different quantities each time.
Now the water reflections should be bone dry. For the water mix Ultramarine Blue, a touch of Hookers Green and a touch of Burnt Sienna. Make this mix quite watery. Using the 3/4 inch flat wash brush stroke this colour gently over the water area leaving white bits here and there. Do not fiddle at this point as you will disturb the paint underneath and ruin your reflection.
As you can see from this image I have done the same to all the other trees around the castle.